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AlterNet / Science Says Happiness Can Change Your Brain
« Last post by AlterNet on October 08, 2018, 06:39:37 AM »
Science Says Happiness Can Change Your Brain


After 2,000 years of practice, Buddhist monks know that one secret to bliss is to put your mind to it.


After 2,000 years of practice, Buddhist monks know that one secret to happiness is to put your mind to it.

What is happiness, and how can we achieve it?

Happiness can?t be reduced to a few agreeable sensations. Rather, it is a way of being and of experiencing the world?a profound fulfillment that suffuses every moment and endures despite inevitable setbacks.

The paths we take in search of happiness often lead us to frustration and suffering instead. We try to create outer conditions that we believe will make us happy. But it is the mind itself that translates outer conditions into happiness or suffering. This is why we can be deeply unhappy even though we ?have it all??wealth, power, health, a good family, etc.?and, conversely, we can remain strong and serene in the face of hardship.

Anyone who takes the trouble to stabilize and clarify his or her mind will be able to experience pure consciousness.

Authentic happiness is a way of being and a skill to be cultivated. When we first begin, the mind is vulnerable and untamed, like that of a monkey or a restless child. You need practice to gain inner peace, inner strength, altruistic love, forbearance, and other qualities that lead to authentic happiness.

His Holiness the Dalai Lama often teaches that, although there are limits to how much information one can learn and to our physical performance, compassion can be developed boundlessly.

Practicing Happiness

Beginning is not difficult. You just have to sit from time to time, turn your mind within, and let your thoughts calm down. Focus your attention on a chosen object. It can be an object in your room, your breath, or your  mind. Inevitably, your mind will wander as you do this. Each time it does, gently bring it back to the object of concentration, like a butterfly that returns again and again to a flower.

In the freshness of the present moment, past is gone, future is not yet born, and?if one remains in pure mindfulness and freedom?disturbing thoughts arise and go without leaving a trace. That is basic meditation.

Pure consciousness without content is something all those who meditate regularly and seriously have experienced. It is not just some sort of Buddhist theory. And anyone who takes the time to stabilize and clarify his or her mind will be able to experience it, too. Through this unconditioned aspect of consciousness, we can transform content of the mind with training.

But meditation also means to cultivate basic human qualities, such as attention and compassion, and new ways of experiencing the world. What really matters is that a person gradually changes. Over months and years, we become less impatient, less prone to anger, less torn between hopes and fears. Willingly harming another person becomes inconceivable. We develop a propensity toward altruistic behavior and a cluster of qualities that help us deal with the ups and downs of life.

Dr. Richard Davidson of the University of Wisconsin used magnetic resonance imaging to look at Matthieu Ricard?s brain. He saw a prefrontal cortex?the part of the brain associated with happiness and other positive emotions?lit up in a way researchers had never before. Photo from Waisman Brain Imaging Lab, University of Wisconsin.

The point here is that you can look at your thoughts, including strong emotions, with a pure mindfulness that is not associated with the contents of the thoughts.

Take the example of malevolent anger. We usually identify with anger. Anger can fill our mental landscape and project its distorted reality on people and events. When we are overwhelmed by anger, we cannot dissociate from it. We perpetuate a vicious circle of affliction by rekindling anger each time we see or remember the person who makes us angry. We become addicted to the cause of suffering.

But if we dissociate from anger and look at it with mindfulness, that which is aware of anger is not angry, and we can see that anger is just a bunch of thoughts. Anger doesn?t cut like a knife, burn like a fire, or crush like a rock; it is nothing more than a product of our mind. Instead of ?being? the anger, we understand that we are not the anger, in the same way that clouds are not the sky.

So, to deal with anger, we avoid letting our mind jump again and again to the trigger for our anger. Then we look at anger itself and keep our attention upon it. If we stop adding wood to a fire and just watch, the fire will die out. Likewise, anger will vanish, without being forcibly repressed or allowed to explode.

This is not a question of not experiencing emotions; it?s a question of not being enslaved by them. Let emotions arise, but let them be freed from their afflictive components: distortion of reality, mental confusion, clinging, and suffering for oneself and others.

Great virtue comes from resting from time to time in pure awareness of the present moment, and being able to refer to this state when afflictive emotions arise so that we do not identify with them and are not swayed by them.

The beginning is difficult, but it becomes quite natural as you become increasingly familiar with such an approach. Whenever anger arises, you learn to recognize it right away. If you know someone to be a pickpocket, even if he mingles in a crowd, you will spot him right away and keep a careful eye on him.

Interdependence

Just as you can learn to deal with afflictive thoughts, you can learn to cultivate and enhance wholesome ones. To be filled with love and kindness brings about an optimal way of being. It is a winning situation: You will enjoy lasting well-being for yourself, you?ll act in altruistic ways towards others, and you?ll be perceived as a good human being.

If altruistic love is based on an understanding of the interdependence of all beings and of their natural aspiration to happiness, and if this love extends impartially to all beings, then it is a source of genuine happiness. Acts of overflowing love, of pure, disinterested generosity?as when you make a child happy or help someone in need, even if nobody knows what you have done?generate a deep and heartwarming fulfillment.

Inner conflicts are often linked with excessive rumination on the past and anticipation of the future.

Human qualities often come in clusters. Altruism, inner peace, strength, freedom, and genuine happiness thrive together like the parts of a nourishing fruit. Likewise, selfishness, animosity, and fear grow together. So, while helping others may not always be ?pleasant,? it leads the mind to a sense of inner peace, courage, and harmony with the interdependence of all things and beings.

Afflictive mental states, on the other hand, begin with self-centeredness, with an increased gap between self and others. These states are related to excessive self-importance and self-cherishing associated with fear or resentment towards others, and grasping for outer things as part of a hopeless pursuit of selfish happiness. A selfish pursuit of happiness is a losing situation: You make yourself miserable and make others miserable as well.

Inner conflicts are often linked with excessive rumination on the past and anticipation of the future. You are not truly paying attention to the present moment but are engrossed in your thoughts, going on and on in a vicious circle, feeding your ego and self-centeredness.

This is the opposite of bare attention. To turn your attention inside means to look at pure awareness itself and dwell without distraction, yet effortlessly, in the present moment.

If you cultivate these mental skills, after a while you won?t need to apply contrived efforts anymore. You can deal with mental perturbations as the eagles I see from the window of my hermitage in the Himalayas deal with crows. The crows often attack them, diving at the eagles from above. But, instead of doing all kinds of acrobatics, the eagle simply retracts one wing at the last moment, lets the diving crow pass, and then extends its wing again. The whole thing requires minimal effort and causes little disturbance.

Being experienced in dealing with the sudden arising of emotions in the mind works in a similar way.

I have been exposed to the world of humanitarian activities for years, since I decided to dedicate the entire royalties of my books to 30 projects on education and health in Tibet, Nepal, and India, with a group of dedicated volunteers and generous philanthropists. It is easy to see how corruption, clashes of ego, weak empathy, and discouragement can plague the humanitarian world. All this stems from a lack of maturity. So the advantages of spending time to develop human altruism and compassionate courage are obvious.

The Fragrance of Peace

The most important time to meditate or do other types of spiritual practices is early morning. You set the tone for the day and the ?fragrance? of the meditation will remain and give a particular perfume to the whole day. Another important time is before falling asleep. If you clearly generate a positive state of mind, filled with compassion or altruism, this will give a different quality to the whole night.

To turn your attention inside means to look at pure awareness itself.

When people experience ? moments of grace,? or ?magical moments? in daily life, while walking in the snow under the stars or spending a beautiful moment with dear friends by the seaside, what is really happening? All of a sudden, they have left their burden of inner conflicts behind. They feel in harmony with others, with themselves, with the world. It is wonderful to fully enjoy such magical moments, but it is also revealing to understand why they feel so good: pacification of inner conflicts; a better sense of interdependence with everything rather than fragmenting reality; and a respite from the mental toxins of aggression and obsession. All these qualities can be cultivated through developing wisdom and inner freedom. This will lead not just to a few moments of grace but to a lasting state of well-being that we may call genuine happiness.

In this state, feelings of insecurity gradually give way to a deep confidence that you can deal with life?s ups and downs. Your equanimity will spare you from being swayed like mountain grass in the wind by every possible praise and blame, gain and loss, comfort and discomfort. You can always draw on deep inner peace, and the waves at the surface will not seem threatening.


Source: Science Says Happiness Can Change Your Brain
32
Chuck Grassley: We Haven't Put Any Women on the Senate Judiciary Committee Because It's Too Much Work for Them



 
 
 



The Senate Judiciary chairman somehow found yet another way to stomp on women.


On Friday, Senate Republicans finally whipped the votes they need to confirm Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh, who is facing an imminent vote on Saturday amid a cloud of sexual assault allegations, partisanship, and national outrage.

It was a dark day for women. But somehow, Senate Judiciary Committee chairman Chuck Grassley (R-IA) ? who has been instrumental in ramming through Kavanaugh's nomination ? found a way to make things even worse.

As reported by the Wall Street Journal, in conversation with reporters, Grassley was discussing the fact that the Republican Party has never put a single woman on the committee. The explanation, according to him: women don't want to have to do that much work.

"It's a lot of work ? maybe they don?t want to do it,? said Grassley. "My chief of staff of 33 years tells me we've tried to recruit women and we couldn't get the job done."

Later, apparently realizing his misogyny could spark outcry, Grassley tried to claim he didn't mean women per se were more work averse than men ? just that it was hard to get anyone period to come and work on the Judiciary Committee. "We have a hard time getting men on the committee. It's just a lot of work whether you're a man or a woman, it doesn't matter."

Even if Republicans were so inclined, it might indeed be difficult for them to put women on the Judiciary Committee ? not because women are lazy or incapable, but because Republican voters elect so few of them. There are only six Republican women in the Senate. Of those six, only one of them, Sen. Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, is a lawyer.

The fact that Kavanaugh's first sexual assault accuser, Dr. Christine Blasey Ford, would be interrogated in her Senate testimony only by men on the Republican side was not lost on the GOP, who feared the optics of the situation. For that reason, they hired Rachel Mitchell, a sex-crimes prosecutor from Arizona, to lead the questioning during their turns, which Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) all but telegraphed the point of when he referred to her as their "female assistant."






 

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Source: Chuck Grassley: We Haven't Put Any Women on the Senate Judiciary Committee Because It's Too Much Work for Them
33
Infoshop News / Decolonizing society: the legacy of 1968
« Last post by Alternative Media Project on October 07, 2018, 06:05:13 AM »
Decolonizing society: the legacy of 1968

Fifty years on, we need a return to the anti-imperialist ethos that enabled the activists of ?68 to engage in a shared struggle against a common enemy.


The post Decolonizing society: the legacy of 1968 appeared first on Infoshop News.


Source: Decolonizing society: the legacy of 1968
34
Infoshop News / Howard Zinn: Don?t Despair about the Supreme Court
« Last post by Alternative Media Project on October 07, 2018, 06:05:12 AM »
Howard Zinn: Don?t Despair about the Supreme Court

It would be naive to depend on the Supreme Court to defend the rights of poor people, women, people of color, dissenters of all kinds.


The post Howard Zinn: Don?t Despair about the Supreme Court appeared first on Infoshop News.


Source: Howard Zinn: Don?t Despair about the Supreme Court
35
Kavanaugh's Yale Classmate Says 'Truly Important' Information Never Got to the FBI: 'It's a Con Job'



 
 
 



William Scheuerman tried to give the FBI information on Kavanaugh. And he considers the whole process a farce.


 

The reopened FBI background investigation into Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh, prompted by allegations of sexual assault, has concluded.

But while Republicans claim the finished report ? which consists of a single copy in a sensitive, compartmented information facility that senators have limited time to look over ? is exonerating, there is a broad outcry from dozens of witnesses who claim they contacted the FBI with information relevant to the investigation, and were ignored.

One such person is William Scheuerman, a former classmate of Kavanaugh's at Yale, who told MSNBC's Ari Melber that he had completely lost faith in the legitimacy of the investigation.

"The FBI didn't get back to me," he said. "At first, I thought nothing of it, I thought they were on top of their game. And then I started getting emails from classmates, other residents of Lawrence Hall, and it turned out a lot of people, including people who had some truly important information, were not being contacted by the FBI, and of course, this is extremely unsettling."

"Is your view that you, and/or your classmates, have reason to think that [Kavanaugh's second accuser] Ms. Ramirez was credible?" asked Melber.

"I think it's credible. I do think we need an investigation, and I think what's being called an investigation is not," said Scheuerman. "It's a con job."

Watch below:

The FBI investigation was so incomplete, in fact, that even first accuser Dr. Christine Blasey Ford and Kavanaugh themselves were not interviewed.

In addition to the lack of follow-up on tips, the FBI was reportedly limited in subject matter, with the White House not allowing agents to investigate whether Kavanaugh lied in his sworn testimony to the Senate.

Cloture on Kavanaugh's nomination was filed this week, with the final vote planned to take place over Friday and Saturday.






 

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Source: Kavanaugh's Yale Classmate Says 'Truly Important' Information Never Got to the FBI: 'It's a Con Job'
36
Richard Mellor / Lying is a Prerequisite for Success in Bourgeois politics
« Last post by Richard Mellor on October 06, 2018, 06:00:29 PM »
Lying is a Prerequisite for Success in Bourgeois politics



The best democracy money can buy.

When the bosses want to rid themselves of an employee, a union rep, or activist in particular, it's easy. They can do it without just cause in the private sector in particular. That's one of the reasons the public sector is so demonized. We had more protection.

I represented workers many times and warned them, be careful if you lie, that can get you fired if you're caught when the infraction can't.

I guess we aren't all treated equally under the law then.
Source: Lying is a Prerequisite for Success in Bourgeois politics
37
Infoshop News / Fighting Form: Beyond the Party in Kurdistan
« Last post by Alternative Media Project on October 06, 2018, 06:00:24 PM »
Fighting Form: Beyond the Party in Kurdistan

Since the battle of KobanÍ, the political structures of the autonomous regions have become the subject of both journalistic and academic investigation. Unique and worthy of investigation as these structures are, for us an equally worthy but different question arose.


The post Fighting Form: Beyond the Party in Kurdistan appeared first on Infoshop News.


Source: Fighting Form: Beyond the Party in Kurdistan
38
Infoshop News / To Our Compas in Buenos Aires
« Last post by Alternative Media Project on October 06, 2018, 06:00:24 PM »
To Our Compas in Buenos Aires

This is a detailed report and reflection on what happened before, during, and after the 2017 G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany. At the same time, it is a letter addressed to the activists and residents of Buenos Aires, Argentina?where the next summit (protest) will soon take place.


The post To Our Compas in Buenos Aires appeared first on Infoshop News.


Source: To Our Compas in Buenos Aires
39
Infoshop News / Kavanaugh Shouldn?t Be on the Supreme Court. Neither Should Anyone Else.
« Last post by Alternative Media Project on October 06, 2018, 06:00:24 PM »
Kavanaugh Shouldn?t Be on the Supreme Court. Neither Should Anyone Else.

Last week, millions watched the dramatic hearings pitting Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh against Christine Blasey Ford, who courageously narrated her experience of being sexually assaulted by him decades ago. Once again, Americans were confronted with the brazen entitlement of the male power establishment.


The post Kavanaugh Shouldn?t Be on the Supreme Court. Neither Should Anyone Else. appeared first on Infoshop News.


Source: Kavanaugh Shouldn?t Be on the Supreme Court. Neither Should Anyone Else.
40
AlterNet / Sen. Menendez Denounces Kavanaugh FBI Probe as a 'Bullsh*t' Investigation
« Last post by AlterNet on October 06, 2018, 06:00:21 PM »
Sen. Menendez Denounces Kavanaugh FBI Probe as a 'Bullsh*t' Investigation



 
 
 



The Democratic senator didn't hold back.


 

After reading the FBI's report on its background investigation into the sexual assault and misconduct allegations against Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh, Sen. Bob Menendez (D-NJ) fiercely denounced the bureau's work.

Republicans touted the report as further showing that there was little to back up the claims against Kavanaugh ? without mentioning, of course, the fact that the multiple reports to provide some partial support for each other. But Democrats quickly denounced the report, which was kept secret for senators to review in a secure room, as far too limited to be meaningful.

"If that's an investigation, that's a bullshit investigation," Menendez said in a video posted on his Twitter account. "The reality is, that is not a full and thorough investigation. Evidently, the Republicans who gave the directions to the FBI about what could be investigated was extremely limited."

He continued: "You know, I hear a lot about 'lack of corroboration.' Well, you don't get corroboration if you don't talk to corroborating witnesses at the end of the day. And that obviously didn't happen here."

"I'm amazed that for the highest court in the land, this is the type of report the FBI produces," he added.

Watch the clip below:







 

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Source: Sen. Menendez Denounces Kavanaugh FBI Probe as a 'Bullsh*t' Investigation
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